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    Key features of Uttarakhand UCC | Action Punjab

    Uttarakhand UCC: Uttarakhand has become the first state in independent India to enact legislation establishing a Uniform Civil Code. The Bill, passed by the Assembly on Wednesday, was one of the BJP’s key promises in the run-up to the state Assembly election in 2022.

    The Civil Code, however, also includes some controversial clauses such as making registrations of live-in relationships mandatory.

    The Uniform Civil Code provides a legal framework for marriage, divorce, succession, live-in relationships, and other related issues.

    1. Mandatory Registration of live-in relationships: The UUC requires live-in partners to register, and states that any “child of the live-in relationship shall be a legitimate child of the couple.” Any citizen who fails to register their live-in relationship will face imprisonment for up to three months and/or a fine of up to Rs 10,000.

    The clause also states that the couple’s parents will be notified if they are adults under the age of 21. “Any resident of Uttarakhand… in a live-in relationship outside the State” is required to register such relationships.

    2. Polygamy banned: The UCC lists one of the conditions for marriage between a man and a woman as “neither party has a spouse living at the time of marriage.” Thus, this provision prohibits polygamy among state residents.

    3. Doesn’t pertain to Scheduled Tribes: “Nothing contained in this code shall apply to the members of any Scheduled Tribes within the meaning of clause (25) of Article 366 read with Article 142 of the Constitution of India and the persons and group of persons whose customary rights are protected under Part XXI of the Constitution of India,” the UCC states.

    4. Religious conversion: Section 25(1)(iv) of the UCC states that one of the grounds for dissolving a marriage by divorce decree is if the other party “converted to another religion to which the petitioner belonged.”

    5. While granting adoption rights to all, including Muslim women, the Uniform Civil Code prohibits certain practices in Muslim society when a woman loses her husband or divorces, such as nikah halala and iddat. 

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    Author: actionpunjab

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